Fishery

Catalogue of courses
fields of study:
Fishery

Autumn semester 2017/2018
Spring semester 2017/2018
6.0 ECTS
6.0 ECTS
6.0 ECTS
6.5 ECTS
3.0 ECTS
5.5 ECTS
6.0 ECTS
4.5 ECTS
6.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
5.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS
2.0 ECTS

    

 

Autumn semester 2017/2018

  1. Fish systematics (autumn semester, ECTS 6). The information covering the major groups of fishes worldwide, and oriented to the specimens that are examined in lab will be given. The local species will be emphasized, but also the survey freshwater and marine diversity from a global perspective will be done. During the laboratories students will learn to identify the defining characteristics and evolutionary relationships of the major fish groups.
  2. Fish biology (autumn semester, ECTS 6).
  3. Water protection (autumn semester, ECTS 3). Hydrological cycle. Water balance of world and Poland. Characterization of domestic, municipal, industrial and storm wastewater. Basic quality indexes of the different kinds of sewage. The sewage chemical composition, loading and the influence on the receivers. Methods of wastewater treatment. Water bodies protection and restoration methods. The selected chemical analyses of water and sewage samples – organic compounds, nutrients.      
  4. Fish physiology (autumn semester, ECTS 6). Physiology of nervous system. Excitatory, inhibition and signs transformation. Stimulant, perception and sensory processing. Physiology of skeletal muscle; swimming patterns of fish. Blood function and composition. Gas exchange and transport in blood. Cardiovascular system – design, control and function. Acid-base balance. Hemostasis. Immunity. Fish respiration. Nutrition, digestion and energy utilization. Metabolism. Excretion; kidney physiology.  Osmoregulation. Endocrine system. Biology of stress in fish. Physiology of nervous system. Bioelectricity. Sensory systems in fish. Physiology of skeletal muscle. Heart physiology; electrocardiogram. Circulatory and haemopoietic system. Digestion and smooth muscle physiology. Metabolism and energy. Respiration. Effect of electric fishing on fish. Swimming. Electroreception and electrogenesis. Osmoregulation in fishes. The effect of environmental factors on the physiology of fish.
  5. Fodder science and fish nutrition (autumn semester, ECTS 6). Energy requirements in different fish species; energy sources in diets. Digestion processes in fish. Diets for fry and for spawners. Purified and semipurified diets.  Mistakes in nutriton and its consequences for fish breeding. Chemical evaluation of nutrients of feed – standard method. Analysis of content amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals – methods of its estimate. Coefficient digestibility. The balance of energy. Evaluation criteria of protein. Feed use in fish. Organoleptic assessment of feed. Commercial feed. Practical feeding – carp (culture, nutrient requirements, feed and feeding). Practical feeding – rainbow trout (culture, nutrient requirements, feed and feeding). Practical feeding – surgeon, eels, tilapias (culture, nutrient,  requirements, feed and feeding). Practical feeding – Channel catfish, African catfish, European catfish (culture, nutrient requirements, feed and feeding). Influence of intensive feeding on water environmental. Nutritional fish diseases.                                                     
  6. Fish diseases (autumn semester, ECTS 6). Introduction to fish diseases. Basic disease terminology.  The role of the environment and stress in fish diseases - the disease triad (Host/Pathogen/Environment). The signs, causes, control and prevention of infectious and noninfectious fish diseases. Viral, bacterial, fungal infection. Neoplasia in fish. Fish parasites. Pathology of wild fish. Nutritional pathology. Fish health management and aquaculture systems. Control and eradication of aquatic animal listed diseases. Fish diseases and humane health. Fungal infections, epitheliocystis; spring viremia of carp SVC and carp erythrodermatitis CE. Fish neoplasm. Protozoan and Myxozoan parasites. Diseases of young fishes. Metazoan parasites of fishes – Monogenea, Digenean Trematodes, Cestodes parasitic crustaceans of fishes.
  7. European Union policy towards fisheries and environmental protection (autumn semester, ECTS 2). The law governing the common EU policy in the fisheries and the environmental protection. Objectives, tasks and priorities of the integrated maritime policy, the common fisheries policy (CFP) and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF). Current problems and challenges of fisheries and fish farming in Europe. Welfare of fish and the law of the EU. The issue of welfare in the Polish legislation.  Organizations, non-governmental organizations in the fishing sector in the EU. European Union action plan to protect biodiversity, climate change, problem of invasive species. Conservation and exploitation of marine resources. Biodiversity strategy for 2020. A strategy for the sustainable development of European aquaculture
  8. Marine fish keeping (autumn semester, ECTS 2).
  9. IT tools for fisheries (autumn semester, ECTS 2). Management Information Systems ISZ - in modern fisheries - basic definitions. Presentation of examples of systems in the field of process modeling, control and decision support, and ability to use modern tools IT. Programmes for fish breeding and farming. Presentation of the use of spreadsheets as a tool for simulating processes and economic calculations. Familiarization with the work environment systems spatial analysis (GIS) as a basis for planning fishing economy. Increasing self-creativity of students in the labor market by preparing to work with the system of collecting fisheries data.  Education ability to formulate guidelines for the construction of such a system and the awareness that data processed in the represented industry can be applied in other economic and social activities.
  10. Fishery economics  (autumn semester, ECTS 2).
  11. Fundamentals of crayfish protection (autumn semester, ECTS 2). Crayfish conservation education as a good tool. Taxonomy, scientific and common names (English, Polish); external and internal anatomy and physiology of native and invasive species. Assessment information. Occurrence, habitat. Elements of crayfish toxicology in aquaculture. Diseases, pathogens and vectors; biological fouling and other. Crayfish health management. Role of human activity, predators and invasive crayfish.Conservation actions: European Union  Regulations, Directives, national legislation, projests; principles of reintroduction of native crayfish.
  12. Biotechnology of ornamental fish reproduction
  13. Avifauna ecosystems land and semi-terrestrial (autumn semester, ECTS 2). The subject will be conducted in the form of field classes. During field classes (a park, a forest, lake and river environs), students will become acquainted with habitats populated by birds. They will learn to recognize birds common in these habitats by the shape of body, colour of plumage, type of flight and voice. Lectures will be given in the form of presentations. Numbers and distribution of birds in Poland. Characteristics of some orders of birds dwelling in Poland. Detailed discussion of the biology of birds nesting and feeding in waterlogged areas. Ways of the conservation of sites where birds dwell and nest. Presentation of migrations of birds and ways in which bird migrations are studied. Guidelines for supplementary feeding of birds in wintertime. Discussion of current threats which can significantly affect populations of birds. To provide students with theoretical and practical knowledge on the biology of birds which prefer aquatic and aquatic-terrestrial ecosystems. To make students more aware of problems related to the protection of birds and conservation of bird habitats.

                                                                                            

Spring semester 2017/2018

  1. Fish reproduction (spring semester, ECTS 6). Technologies of fish reproduction, broodstock, release of eggs and milt, gamete quality: evaluation parameters and determining factors, simulate natural environment, dry stripping, hormone induction, induction out-of-season spawning. Short and long-term preservation of fish gametes and embryos. Sex control strategies. Hybrids and polyploid fish – production, biology and applications to aquaculture. Transgenic technology and aquaculture. Gonadal differentiation, ovarian and testicular annual cycle – histological examination.  Reproduction behaviour in fish. Estimation of stage maturity in fish female according to microscopic examination of preovulatory oocytes. Estimation of semen quality (motility, concentration, velocity). Short- and long-term semen preservation and their influence on sperm quality. Production of the monosex fish population using hormone therapy and/or genomic engineering methods. Fish anesthesia. Technologies of fish reproduction; formation of spawning protocol  (incl. welfare aspects).
  2. Lake and river fisheries (spring semester, ECTS 6.5).
  3. Fish and rearing breeding (spring semester, ECTS 5.5).Basic concepts and terms of a range of pond fisheries. Way of calculate pond staffs of different carp age categiries in 2- and 3-year production cycle. Schedule of works and doing on ponds. Keeping of pond books. Calculate of rainbow trout pond staffs for different fish age categories, balance of oxygen  and water flow and doses of diets. Knowledge about common carp rearing and breeding in ponds (pond categories, fish staffs, fish selection and propagation, fertilization, liming,  tillage of bottom, combating of overgrowing, fish nutrition). Prophylactic on ponds and measures for growth of pond-culture. Quantify fertilness and productivity of ponds. Policulture of carp with other fish species. Methods of rainbow trout rearing and breeding: concrete- (raceways) and earth-ponds, fish staffs, water flow and oxygenation, fish selection and propogation, fish feeding.Introduction of basic production cycles and rearing technology of common carp (pond categories, fish stuffs, fertilization, liming, bottom tillage, combating of overgrowing, fish propogation and feeding) and rainbow trout (pond categories, water flow, oxygen balances, selection, propogation and fish feeding). Education for range of keeping of "pond books" and the other basic pond records.
  4. Fishing technique (spring semester, ECTS 4.5). Basic concepts, methods and techniques for catching fish. Legal conditions of fishing. Classification and characterization tools to catch fish. Fundamentals of materials science network. Spearing, harpooning and shooting fish. The technique of fishing tools trolling. Seining in fresh and sea water. Gillnetting. Lift nets. The use of light in fishing. The use of echolocation in catching fish. The use of electric current in the catches of fish. Catches control, regulatory, economic and inventory. Basic network works. Catches a trap equipment. Field spawners selected fish species. Fishing for a gillnet. Fishing for a hooks. Fishing for towed gear.
  5. Experiment design and statistics in ichthyologic research (spring semester, ECTS 2). Ethic issues of research on animals. General rules of scientific research. Observation and experiment as the method of research.  Measurements in biology – elementary statistics.  Variability, central tendency measures, and errors. Experiment design, types of experiments, single and multi-factorial layout of the experiment, sample size and sampling randomization. Collecting, organizing and analysis of data. Statistical distributions. Hypothesis testing. Parametric and non-parametric tests. Analysis of variance. Correlation of variables. Regression analysis. Usage of professional software for data analysis and presentation of results. Calculation and interpretation of: chi2 test, t test, Mann-Whitney test, Wilcoxon test, Kołmogorov-Smirnov test, ANOVA and post hoc tests, correlation coefficient , regression equation (for  linear and non-linear regression models), principal component analysis, time-series analysis.
  6. Aquaculture of invertebrate animals (spring semester, ECTS 2). The history of aquaculture. Tank, equipment, preparation for foundation breeding. Water filtration and disinfection in RAS. The mussels. Oysters. Pearls. Prawns. Shrimps. Octopus. Lobsters. Crawfish. Crayfish. Aquaculture as a tool to protect the environment. The future and development. 
  7. Freshwater fish-keeping (spring semester, ECTS 2).
  8. Fish genetics (spring semester, ECTS 2). The introduction to the genetics of fish. Basic concepts of genetics of fish. Essential genetic parameters that describe fish populations. Characteristics of genetic markers used in modern fisheries and aquaculture. The application of genetic markers for the identification of fish species and hybrids. The application of genetic analysis in the protection of natural populations of fish and aquaculture. Genetic analyzes used in the identification of fish diseases; diagnosis of pathogens. The application of genome manipulation methods for improving fish stocks. Creation of the monosex fish population using genomic engineering methods. Calculations of genetic parameters: frequency of alleles in genetic loci, the proportion of basic genotypes in a population or herd fish for different types of inheritance of traits, mutation. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium model. Hardy-Weinberg application of the model in the analysis of fish catches. The application of genetic analyzes in fisheries and aquaculture.
  9. Self-purification of waters (spring semester, ECTS 2). Hydrological processes, chemical and biological, running in polluted water facilities restore the original properties and composition of the water. Issues related to the hydraulic rivers, river hydrochemical profile, self-purification zones. The mechanisms involved in the distribution of contaminants in water. Factors limiting self-purification of water. Ways of assisting self-purification processes. Mathematical models describing the process of biodegradation of pollutants inflowing, self-purification factors. Comparison of self-purification processes in flowing and static waters. The impact of hydrotechnical and regulations troughs on the quality of river water and processes of self-purification. Degree of self-purification process (assessment criteria of the process)-what you need to know and what you need to do. Self-purification of groundwater.    
  10. Fish ethology (spring semester, ECTS 2). The subject will be conducted in the form of seminars. Presentation of questions concerning the ethology of selected fish species. Ways in which selected fish species obtain food. Avoidance of predators. Orientation in the environment and fish migrations. Feeding behaviours of cichlids from African lakes. Nuptial colours of fish. Mating dance. Sex transformation in fish. Care of offspring by fish. Lectures in the form of presentations. Familiarizing students with typical behavioural patterns of fish. Discussion of extreme environmental conditions in which fish live, and their adaptation to such conditions. Agression in fish. Domestication of fish – drawing attention to principal problems connected with genetic, physiological and environmental conditions underlying the behaviour of animals kept in different breeding conditions. To provide students with fundamental theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of ethology – dealing with broadly understood research on animal behaviour, both innate and acquired, aspects of adaptability of animals, individual development, spatial orientation and social behaviours.
  11. Water gardens (spring semester, ECTS 2). Water in the landscape created by human. Cognitive, esthetical and recreational functions of water gardens. Basic principles in planting and creating flower compositions in water gardens. Characteristics of selected plants living in water gardens. Biological equilibrium in water gardens. Characteristics of selected fish species living in water gardens. Parasites and diseases in water garden fish. Nourishment in water garden eco-system.
  12. Angling (spring semester, ECTS 2). Aim of education is presentation: history of angling, -theoretical and practical introduction to methods of angling, the impact of angling on the aquatic environment, the role of angling as part of fisheries and tourist management, practical use of registration angling catches in the fishing management, and water conservation and planning fishery angling. After completing the course student should be versed the methods of angling, conditions and legal environment associated with angling and put them into practice.          
  13. English in fisheries and aquaculture (spring semester, ECTS 2). English vocabulary for fish, their reproductive biology in natural conditions, nutrition (food strategies), health and the particular role of these organisms as a source of food for humans; fisheries development in Poland and in the world, the role of this source of food in the human diet, the role of fish in aquatic ecosystems, the problems associated with excess fishing exploitation of fish populations and the impact of environmental pollution on fish, cautious use of resources of the seas, oceans and freshwater.