W ramach realizacji Projektu RID w bieżącym roku kalendarzowym dofinansowano następujące publikacje naukowe, które ukazały się w systemie Open Access:
Sorption Properties of the Bottom Sediment of a Lake Restored by Phosphorus Inactivation Method 15 Years after the Termination of Lake Restoration Procedures
by Renata Augustyniak, Jolanta Grochowska, Michał Łopata, Katarzyna Parszuto, Renata Tandyrak, and Jacek Tunowski
Artificial mixing and phosphorus inactivation methods using aluminum compounds are among the most popular lake restoration methods. Długie Lake (Olsztyńskie Lakeland, Poland) was restored using these two methods. Primarily, P precipitation and inactivation methods significantly increased the sorption properties of Długie Lake bottom sediment. Fifteen years after the termination of the restoration procedure, the alum-modified “active” sediment layer still has higher P adsorption abilities, which can limit P internal loading. Relatively low amounts of phosphates in the near-bottom water of Długie Lake, even in anoxia, as well as the fact that the assessed maximum sediment P sorption capacity is still higher than NH4Cl–P (labile P) and BD–P (Fe-bound P) sum (“native exchangeable P”), confirm that hypothesis. Among the tested P adsorption models for the sediment, the double Langmuir model showed the best fit to the experimental data (the highest R2 values). This may indicate that phosphorus adsorption by the tested sediments most likely occurs through phosphate binding at two types of active sorption sites. P adsorption by the studied lake sediment during experiments was significantly connected to aluminum content in sediment. The research into the adsorption properties of sediment can be used as a tool for the evaluation of lake restoration effects.
Phosphorus Removal with Coagulation Processes in Five Low Buffered Lakes—A Case Study of Mesocosm Research
by Michał Łopata, Renata Augustyniak, Jolanta Grochowska, Katarzyna Parszuto and Renata Tandyrak
This research deals with the impact of aluminum coagulants, used as a tool for the rehabilitation of water bodies, on changes in the phosphorus content in lakes with low alkalinity of water. Mesocosm scale experimental investigations in situ using polyaluminium chloride were carried out, based on five lakes with different levels of water buffering capacity (<1.0–2.5 meq L−1). The research was accomplished using three coagulant doses (half a dose, a whole dose, and a double dose calculated for phosphorus inactivation in a lake ecosystem). The results were compared with the ones from the control mesocosms. The study was carried out in two consecutive years. It was shown that the effectiveness of phosphorus removal from a water column was related to the dose of the coagulant, pH value, and the content of organic compounds. The lowest treatment effectiveness was found for lakes, with the most severe symptoms for dystrophy, which were abundant with humic compounds. As the water alkalinity increased, so did the ability of the coagulant to adsorb phosphorus, while the ecosystem’s load of aluminum in toxic forms decreased. Doubling the standard dose did not result in a noticeable improvement in the water quality. The results allow us to evaluate the chances of successful lake restoration by applying aluminum coagulants to natural water bodies which are susceptible to acidification.
Small-scale wastewater treatment plants as a source of the dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes in the aquatic environment
by Adriana Osińska, Ewa Korzeniewska, Monika Harnisz, Ewa Felis, Sylwia Bajkacz, Piotr Jachimowicz, Sebastian Niestępski, Iwona Konopka
Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are significant source of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), which can spread further in the environment by reaching rivers together with effluents discharged from WWTPs. In this study untreated and treated wastewater (UWW, TWW), upstream and downstream river water (URW, DRW) were collected from 4 WWTPs, in the winter and autumn seasons. The occurrence of ARB resistant to beta-lactams and tetracyclines as well as the presence of antibiotics from these classes were analysed in water and wastewater samples. Additionally, the amounts of 12 ARGs, 2 genes of mobile genetic elements (MGEs), gene uidA identifying E. coli and 16S rRNA were also determined. Resistance to beta-lactams prevailed among ARB in water and wastewater samples (constituting 82–88% of total counts of bacteria). The dominant genes in water and wastewater samples were blaTEM, tetA, sul1. The gene blaOXA demonstrated high variability of its concentration in samples collected in both seasons. Despite the high per cent reduction of ARB and ARGs concentration observed during the wastewater treatment processes, their large quantities are still transmitted into the environment. The research focuses on WWTPs’ role in the dissemination of ARGs and MGEs in the aquatic environment.
Zachęcam Państwa do sięgania po środki finansowe na ten cel